Skin Types and Skin Conditions

Skin Types and Skin Conditions

Skin types are hereditary and are the results of oil glands functioning. Skin types can be classified into three categories.

  • Normal
  • oily
  • dry
  • In some cases, individuals may have combination skin both oily and dry in some areas. Oily in the Tzone area(around the nose and eyes ) and normal cheeks .

Normal Skin: Normal skin has perfect hydration, muscle tone, and resilience produce by moisture and the adipose tissue. In the basal layer, there is a strong biological’s activity such as great blood circulation, metabolism is balanced. In normal skin, the appearance is soft, moist and plump, dewy, has a healthy glow and color. There are no visible fine lines and wrinkles or open pores. Normal skin requires proper cleansing, morning, and evening. The consistent use of protective moisturizers during the day to prevent moisture loss and hydrating creams at night essential. On occasion, exfoliation may be needed.

Oily Skin: Oily skin is hereditary that develops due to overactive sebaceous glands. This activity is controlled by the androgen or masculine hormone. Oily skin can be recognized by its shiny, thick, and firm appearance. Pores look enlarged, usually due to oil entrapped in the pilosebaceous follicle. Enlarged pores become aggravated with dehydrated conditions. The oily conditions tend to look neglected occasionally with blemishes on the chin, forehead area, feels oily to touch. Hot or humid climates tend to exacerbate oil gland secretion making the skin more oily. Misuse of skincare products can further worsen the situation. No harsh soaps, no excessive exfoliation, scrubs or astringents. Exfoliating products such as alpha-hydroxy acids(AHA) and exfoliating enzymes, helps improves the look and texture. Products with active substance, including botanicals, that may help regulate or reduce oil gland secretions. Gentle cleansing morning and evening. Daytime protective moisturizer will help skin maintain its suppleness and moisture. Even creams should help irregulate oil gland secretion. AHA exfoliates and weekly use of enzyme peels is highly recommended.

Dry Skin: Dry skin develops as a result of sebaceous gland underactivity. Skin dryness, though hereditary like skin oiliness , also results from aging process. As all body activities slow down. oil gland activity slow down as well. Dry skin tends to be dehydrated. Its lacks of oiliness diminishes its ability to retain moisture since the oil in the skin act as a natural barrier against moisture loss. Dry skin characterizes by being very fine, overly delicate and thin. Lack of sufficient oil secretion deprives the skin of sufficient glue to retain cells in the carenum layer. As a result dry skin has fewer cells in the corneum layer than oily skin. In dry skin pores are almost invisible. People with dry skin should include daytime protection using products containing sealants such as silicone or collagen based products. Vitamin E is highly recommended, ginseng, dandelion, extract, avocado oil, macadamia nut oil, hyaluronic acid, ceramides, and mucopolysaccharides


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